Chapters 3 and 7 first appeared in the linguistics journal Names, December 1983 and September-December 1988; Chapter 4 in Sex Roles, July 1984; and Chapters 5 and 9 in Maledicta, 1983 and 1981, respectively. Chapter 10 draws from my article in Ethnicity, June 1975. All are revised and used here with the generous permissions of the publishers. Chapter 6 was first presented as a paper before the joint meetings of the American Name Society and the Modern Language Association, San Francisco, 1987.
I thank the staff, especially Robert D. Vrecenak, in the Interlibrary Loan Department of the Homer Babbidge Library at the University of Connecticut for their thoroughly professional services. They have materially aided my work.