The United States and Canada
As in so many other area, communication training structures in the United States and Canada are now quite similar but spring from very different traditions. The United States is the home of university-based journalism training programs that have become a model for countries all over the world. On the other hand, Canada, which has maintained very strong ties with Britain and France, has, until relatively recently, favored European training methods based on the apprenticeship system. Needless to say, journalism and journalism training in Canada and the United States share the same beliefs in a free and pluralistic press.
The United States can be said to have the oldest and strongest system of journalism education of any country in the world, with roots going back to the end of the nineteenth century. 1 As early as 1873, Kansas State College offered a course in printing; and in 1876 and 1877 Cornell University ran a series of lectures on journalism. In 1908, the University of Missouri opened the first independent school of journalism, soon to be followed by the creation of limited programs at the universities of Pennsylvania and Illinois. 2
After these modest beginnings, journalism education in the United States quickly gained strong support from the newspaper industry. Joseph