Eastern and Central Europe
At this writing, it is still too early to predict with any certainty what kind of press systems and what kind of communication training structures will emerge in the former Soviet bloc. In an incredibly short period of time, between the end of the 1989 and the end of 1991, the countries of this region experienced the triumph of pro-democracy movements, the breakup of the Soviet Union and the creation of a new "commonwealth" of independent republics. In the wake of these momentous events, political instability, ethnic strife, civil unrest and bleak economic prospects point to the likelihood of continuing change and at least the possibility of further serious upheavals.
In these circumstances, it is obvious that press systems and communication training will change. What is less obvious is how far they will change and in what directions they will develop. In order to appreciate what they may become, it is necessary to understand what they were.
Throughout the Cold War and right up until the dissolution of the Soviet Union, popular imagination tended to view Eastern and Central Europe as a uniform, homogeneous whole, dominated by a central authority that dictated everything from economic policy to political behavior. In this context, press systems were believed to be identical, all slavishly following