Challenges and Prospects
The challenges facing communication training are many and varied, but they tend to fall into two main clusters. In the developing world, they are usually related to a general lack of resources or to varying degrees of government control. In the industrialized countries, a new set of challenges are appearing as the result of technological change. Because of these challenges, training is still developing in different ways, but long-term prospects point toward the gradual homogenization of both journalism and journalism training.
There are wide variations in population, economic wealth, education and literacy within the Third World, but the single most important common characteristic that emerges from any analysis of communication training in developing countries is the inadequacy of resources, both material and human. As was shown in previous chapters, most training programs, even in the wealthier developing nations, suffer from a chronic shortage of appropriate teaching materials and qualified educators. A few countries have begun to produce their own textbooks in local languages, but that requires financial resources that are all too often lacking. Many teachers have to resort to adapting or translating materials from outdated American or European textbooks, which are rarely suitable for local needs.