Foucault Michel. Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason. New York, 1965.
Fox Richard. So Far Disordered in Mind: Insanity in California, 1870-1930. Berkeley, Calif., 1978.
Gollaher David L. Voice for the Mad: A Life of Dorothea Dix. New York, 1995.
Grob Gerald. Mental Institutions in America: Social Policy to 1875. New York, 1973.
Jimenez Mary Ann. "Madness in Early American History: Insanity in Massachusetts from 1700 to 1830." Journal of Social History 20 (Fall 1986): 25-44.
Lasch Christopher. "Origins of the Asylum." In his The World of Nations: Reflections on American History, Politics, and Culture. New York, 1973.
McGovern Constance M. "The Myths of Social Control and Custodial Oppression: Patterns of Psychiatric Medicine in Late Nineteenth-Century Institutions." Journal of Social History 20 (Fall 1986): 3-24.
Marshall Helen E. Dorothea Dix, Forgotten Samaritan. Chapel Hill, N.C., 1937.
-----. "Dorothea Lynde Dix." In Edward T. James, Janet Wilson James, and Paul S. Boyer , eds. Notable American Women, 1607-1950: A Biographical Dictionary. Vol. 1. Cambridge, Mass., 1971.
Rosenberg Charles. "The Therapeutic Revolution: Medicine, Meaning and Social Change in Nineteenth-Century America." In Morris J. Vogel and Charles Rosenberg , eds., The Therapeutic Revolution: Essays in the Social History of Medicine. Philadelphia, 1979.
Rothman David. The Discovery of the Asylum: Social Order and Disorder in the New Republic. Boston, 1971.
Schlaifer Charles, and Lucy Freeman. Heart's Work: Civil War Heroine and Champion of the Mentally Ill, Dorothea Lynde Dix. New York, 1991.
Tiffany Francis. Life of Dorothea Lynde Dix. Boston, 1891.
Viney Wayne, and Karen Bartsch. "Dorothea Lynde Dix: Positive or Negative Influence on the Development of Treatment for the Mentally Ill." Social Science Journal 21 ( April 1984): 71-82.
Wilson Dorothy Clarke. Stranger and Traveler: The Story of Dorothea Dix, American Reformer. Boston, 1975.