settlements from seeking reforms. By the 1940s most settlements were community-based social service agencies, more often extensions of the government than critics of society--if they ever had been, which of course most had not.
Jane Addams and her colleagues in the settlement movement did not see eye to eye on many policy issues regarding settlement houses, but because of the decentralized nature of the movement (it was twenty-two years old before it felt the need for a national organization) and Addams's belief in individual freedom, these disagreements remained mostly uncontested. Despite Addams's enormous personal appeal as a much-loved public figure, her influence on the directions taken by the settlement movement was not great. Her greatest reform was Hull House. As its cofounder and head resident, she gave herself and others the opportunity to help to change America.