MEMORIAL ACTUALIZES ITSELF, HISTORY AS DISSIDENCE
Movements and historical trends appear in retrospect as disembodied forces. But as they emerge they are negotiated and crafted by individuals and grounded in particular events. In this final section, we will present and examine a "bottom-up" view of history. The excesses and early fragmentation of the totalitarian system will be viewed as they were experienced and reported by the victims and by members of Memorial.