dictatorship" and in other ways it used the older methods of political and economic control, which has been called "soft dictatorship." The basic pattern of disrespect for institutions and emphasis on personal ties persisted in both types of dictatorship. And, of course, the disdain--if not hate--for the majority of Haitians in the second world was undiminished. The military men who replaced Duvalier could not be expected to make any changes in a system from which they had profited.
The idea that revolution had begun in Haiti was an error. What happened on 7 February 1986 was the first in a series of desperate coups d'état staged by Duvalierists who realized the present Duvalier was undermining their system. If the demonstrations had continued much longer, a true revolution or a protracted civil war might have occurred. Such conflicts would probably have destroyed the heart of the Duvalierist system, government by franchise.