The prospects are reasonable that Haiti will reestablish and even extend its external aid links, a process begun in 1990. The United States in 1989 agreed to provide $10 million in food aid, and in 1991 other significant aid programs resumed. Canada and France have been doubtful about the use of bilateral aid as sanctions. The EC supported the entry of the Dominican Republic and Haiti to the Lomé Convention. This membership could mean aid to stabilize fluctuating coffee export prices and European Development Fund support for Haitian projects. It also provides duty-free access for most Haitian exports to the European Community (EC), including coffee. There is also the prospect of Haiti becoming an associate or full member of the Caribbean Community with access to Caribbean Development Bank loans. Most private voluntary organizations working in Haiti are committed to staying and are capable of soliciting additional external support. Organizations that survived the Duvalier years and the post-Duvalier chaos are well positioned to solicit additional external support.
Contrary to widely held views, external aid and overseas markets are not the major constraints on the Haitian economy. Haiti has preferential access to both the EC and the U.S. markets. It attracts substantial concessional aid from a wide range of bilateral and multilateral donors. Its poverty is not caused by international dependency but by internal greed and avarice.