organizations rpresent the few constraints on regime abuses. Leaders such as Reneé Théodore and Marc Bazin are trying to keep the parties alive. The older
professional and business associations were subdued under the Duvaliers and have
not done enough since 1986 to restore their integrity. The plural elements in Haitian society merit external support.
Suzanne Comhaire-Sylvain, Le roman de Bouqui ( Port-au-Prince: Imprimerie du
CollU+008ge VertiU+008res, 1940), pp. 136-37.
Georges Anglade, L'espace haïtien ( Montreal: Editions des AlizU+009s, 1981), pp. 95-102.
Joseph Grunwald, economist, Brooking Institution, Washington, D.C., personal
communication, 15 November 1982.
Patrick Bellegarde=-Smith, who wrote Haiti: The
Breached Citadel ( Boulder: Westview, 1990), estimates that in the mid-1980s, 6,000 hectares of good soil were lost each year (p.115).
Fritz Pierre-Louis, GU+008ologie d' Haïti ( Paris: Editions Ecole, 1971), pp. 9-13.
Letter reproduced in Haïti-Observateur, 6-13 August 1982, pp. 4, 6. Canada
withdrew its financing from this hydroelectric project, which has not been completed.
The World Wildlife Fund has carried out debt-equity swaps to promote national
parks in Bolivia, Costa Rica, and Ecuador.
World Bank, World Development Report 1990, ( Washington, DC, 1990), Tables
26 and 27.
John May, "Where Fertility is on the Increase," People ( London) 7, ( 1990): pp. 28-29.
Aaron Segal, "Haitian Demography," in Haiti: Today and Tomorrow, an Interdisciplinary Study, ed.
Charles Foster and
Albert Valdman ( lanham, MC: University Press
of America, 1984), pp. 315-24.
James Allman and
John May, "Fertility, Migration, Mortality, and Family Planning in Haiti," Population Studies 33( 1982): pp. 505-21.
Report of the Commission of Inquiry appointed unser Article 26, International Labour
Office, Geneva, 1983, pp. 35-36.
Roger Plant, Sugar and Modern Slavery ( London: Zed, 1987), pp. 150-61.
Uli Locher, "Migration in Haiti," in Haiti: Today and Tomorrow, ed.
Foster and Valdman, pp. 325-36.
G. Berggren and
I. C. Fawson, "Family Structure, Child Lactation, and Nutritional Diseases in Rural Haiti," Environmental Child Health, 19 September 1973, pp. 288-98.
Uli Locher, "Migration," pp. 328-30.
Aaron Lee Segel, "Haiti," in Population Policies in the Caribbean, ed.
( Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1975), pp. 177-215.
Grald Murray, "The Evaluation of Haitian Land Tenure: A Case Study in
Agrarain Adaptation to Population Growth," Ph. D. dissertation Columbia University, 1977, p.537.
Americas Watch/National Coalition for Haitian Refugees/Caribbean Rights, The
More Things Changes. . . Human Rights in Haiti ( Washington, DC, February 1989). Other
publications that monitor human rights in Haiti are the monthlies Haïti Information Libre