Elitism, Populism, and European Politics

By Jack E. S. Hayward | Go to book overview

LIST OF TABLES
1.1. Mean turn-out in candidate and referendum elections in selected countries 1945-199318
2.1. Interest in and discussion of politics by level of education in Italy and Germany 198848
3.1. Effect of policy areas and overt appeals to national interests on willingness to ban publication of confidential government documents73
3.2. Effect of appeals to national interests on willingness to ban publication of secret plans in different policy areas73
3.3. Willingness to ban publication of government secrets by where respondents place themselves ideologically74
3.4. Support for a ban on publication of five offensive items78
3.5. Effect of arguments in favour of censorship of crime coverage and racial or religious incitement79
3.6. Willingness to ban publication, by where respondents place themselves ideologically80
3.7. Average marks out of ten for protecting citizens' rights and liberties82
3.8. Opposition to government control of the media83
5.1. Result of the 1992 referendum on Maastricht in France104
7.1. Satisfaction with the way democracy works 1973-1992148-9
7.2. Subjective interest in politics 1983-1990150
7.3. Average turn-out per decade in various countries151
7.4. Party membership as a percentage of electorate155
10.1. Public attitudes to the apportioning of taxation 1990-1991207
10.2. Public support for government economic intervention 1990-1991208-9
10.3. Public support for public expenditure 1990-1991210-11
10.4. Comparative public interest in politics 1990-1991213

-ix-

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Elitism, Populism, and European Politics
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents vii
  • List of Tables ix
  • LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS x
  • Introduction Mediocre Élites Elected by Mediocre Peoples 1
  • Note 9
  • 1: The Populist Challenge to Élitist Democracy in Europe 10
  • Notes 30
  • 2 - 'Losing Touch' in a Democracy: Demands Versus Needs 33
  • Notes 60
  • 3: Freedom from the Press 67
  • Notes 86
  • 4: From Representative to Responsive Government? 88
  • Notes 99
  • 5: The European Union, the Political Class, and the People 101
  • Notes 120
  • 6: Political Parties and the Public Accountability of Leaders 121
  • Notes 141
  • 7: Élite-Mass Linkages in Europe: Legitimacy Crisis or Party Crisis? 143
  • Notes 160
  • 8: Organized Interests as Intermediaries 164
  • Notes 186
  • 9: Mediating between the Powerless and the Powerful 190
  • Notes 202
  • 10: Public Demands and Economic Constraints: All Italians Now? 203
  • Notes 219
  • 11: The Fluctuating Rationale of Monetary Union 220
  • 4: Conclusion 235
  • Notes 237
  • 12: Has Government by Committee Lost the Public's Confidence? 238
  • Notes 249
  • Conclusion Has European Unification by Stealth a Future? 252
  • Notes 257
  • Index 259
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