European Industrial Policy: The Twentieth-Century Experience

By James Foreman-Peck; Giovanni Federico | Go to book overview

increased by an average of 11.1% per year in 1986-93, compared with an annual average increase of 8.5% for the manufacturing exports of the European Community, also valued in current dollars.12

Thus the export performance of Irish indigenous industry after 1986 was relatively strong by European standards and quite unprecedented in indigenous industry's own experience. The employment performance of indigenous industry after 1988 was also better than previous experience and relatively strong by European standards, although there was not very strong employment growth in absolute terms. These improved trends in indigenous industry are probably not sufficiently strong or sufficiently long-established to show that indigenous industry is on a new long-term growth path. But there is at least some indication here that the policies introduced in the 1980s to give a new impetus to the development of a stronger, internationally competitive indigenous sector were meeting with some success.


REFERENCES

BREATHNACH P. ( 1982). "'The demise of growth-centre policy: The case of the Republic of Ireland'", in R. Hudson and J. R. Lewis (eds.), Regional Planning in Europe, 35-56. London: Pion.

CROTTY R. ( 1986). Ireland in Crisis: A Study in Capitalist Colonial Undevelopment. Dingle: Brandon.

DALY M. E. ( 1988). "'The employment gains from industrial protection in the Irish Free State during the 1930s: A note'", Irish Economic and Social History, 15: 71-5.

Department of Industry and Commerce ( 1987). Review of Industrial Performance 1986. Dublin: Stationery Office.

----- ( 1990). Review of Industrial Performance 1990. Dublin: Stationery Office.

DRUDY P. J. ( 1991). "'The regional impact of overseas industry'", in A. Foley and D. McAleese (eds.), Overseas Industry in Ireland, 152-69. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan.

Economic Development ( 1958). Dublin: Stationery Office.

FURTADO C. ( 1976). Economic Development of Latin America: Historical Background and Contemporary Problems. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

GIRVIN B. ( 1989). Between Two Worlds: Politics and Economy in Independent Ireland. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan.

Industrial Policy ( 1984). Government White Paper. Dublin: Stationery Office.

Industrial Policy Review Group ( 1992). A Time for Change: Industrial Policy for the 1990s. Dublin: Stationery Office.

JOHNSON D. ( 1988). "'Reply'", Irish Economic and Social History, 15: 76-80.

KENNEDY K. A. ( 1971). Productivity and Industrial Growth: The Irish Experience. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

____________________
12
The data on the EC's manufacturing exports are from the OECD's Historical Statistics; they include SITC categories 0, 1, and 5-9.

-231-

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European Industrial Policy: The Twentieth-Century Experience
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents ix
  • List of Tables xiii
  • List of Figures xvi
  • 1: Industrial Policies in Europe: Introduction 1
  • References 15
  • 2: Britain: From Economic Liberalism to Socialism--And Back? 18
  • References 53
  • 3: France: The Idiosyncrasies of Volontarisme 58
  • References 94
  • 4: Germany: The Invention of Interventionism 98
  • References 118
  • 5: Italy: Stalling and Surpassing 124
  • References 146
  • 6: Sweden: The Rise and Fall of the Swedish Model 152
  • References 174
  • 7: The Netherlands: The History of an Empty Box? 177
  • References 192
  • 8: Belgium: Liberalism by Default 194
  • 9: Ireland: From Inward to Outward Policies 215
  • References 231
  • 10: Spain: Industrial Policy under Authoritarian Politics 233
  • References 263
  • 11: Portugal: Industrialization and Backwardness 268
  • References 292
  • 12: Greece: From Rent-Seeking Protectionism to Direct Intervention 295
  • References 316
  • 13: Russia: A Comparative Economic Systems Interpretation 319
  • Appendix 372
  • References 387
  • 14: A Cultural Theory of Industrial Policy 398
  • References 424
  • 15: European Industrial Policy: An Overview 426
  • References 458
  • Index 461
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