Baseball Economics: Current Research

By John Fizel; Elizabeth Gustafson et al. | Go to book overview

9
Is There Bias in Major League Baseball Arbitration? John Fizel

INTRODUCTION

This chapter investigates the objectivity of arbitrators in final-offer arbitration of major league baseball. The primary purpose of the analysis is to determine if salary arbitration decisions vary among ethnic groups. In addition, this analysis examines the relationship between arbitration decisions and arbitrator's incentives to be rehired for future cases. The effects of player risk preferences and potential market biases on arbitral decisions are also explored.

Professional baseball is an excellent environment for studying arbitrator behavior for several reasons. An ample number of cases are available for analysis since baseball is involved in multiple arbitration cases each year. Baseball arbitration involves individual salary proposals rather than aggregate union and management proposals found in past studies. Baseball provides accessible information on individual performance relative to salary proposals, whereas individual performance is ignored or absent in other industries. Baseball also has high minority participation. Finally, in a survey of labor discrimination in sports, Kahn ( 1991, p. 416) reports that ". . . the relationship between collective bargaining and discrimination in sports has not yet been explored. . . . [W]e have no evidence on the impact, if any, of collective bargaining institutions such as salary arbitration . . . on racial salary differentials."

There are important reasons to believe that discrimination will be absent from baseball arbitration. First, Kahn ( 1991, p. 414) finds "little evidence of salary . . . discrimination by major league baseball," and there is no a priori reason to believe that arbitration decisions should deviate from the performance of other types of salary negotiations. Second, arbitrators are trained to objectively assess the merits of each case and would emphatically dispute any claim that personal

-111-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Baseball Economics: Current Research
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 230

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.