Baseball Economics: Current Research

By John Fizel; Elizabeth Gustafson et al. | Go to book overview

13
Positional Segregation in Major League Baseball: 1961-1990

Eric Eideand Daraius Irani


INTRODUCTION

Studies analyzing discrimination in major league baseball have found strong evidence that black and white players are segregated in the types of positions they play, with white players heavily represented at leadership positions such as pitcher and catcher and black players largely relegated to nonleadership positions such as outfield [ Pascal and Rapping ( 1972); Scully ( 1974b, 1989); Hill and Spellman ( 1984); Medoff ( 1986a); Christiano ( 1988)]. For example, Scully ( 1974b) found that in 1971, 62 percent of outfield positions were filled by blacks while only about 9 percent of pitchers were black. Medoff ( 1986a) found that in 1984, 70 percent of outfield positions were filled by black players, while blacks comprised only 13 percent of pitchers.

The overrepresentation or underrepresentation of black players relative to white players at each position is a type of occupational segregation specific to professional sports and is known as positional segregation. 1 The existence of positional segregation in major league baseball may be indicative of unequal treatment of equally able players based on the player's race, and hence it is deserving of closer examination. Further, some studies have suggested that players in leadership positions receive more endorsements during their careers and are also more likely to be coaches and managers after retiring [ Schneider and Eitzen ( 1986); Scully ( 1989)]. Black players may therefore be put at an earnings disadvantage both during and after their careers by being segregated into nonleadership positions.

In this chapter we identify annual positional segregation trends between black and white players in major league baseball from 1961 to 1990 and examine potential explanations for the trends. Our approach has two advantages over previous studies. First, the extensive time span of our data provides a more comprehensive view of positional segregation than currently is available and allows previous results based on selected years of data to be interpreted within

-179-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Baseball Economics: Current Research
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 230

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.