Biographies of 1871 Survey Members
Robert Adams ( 1846-1906), a native of Philadelphia, prepared for college at the Philadelphia Classical Institute and graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1869. When Adams was not engaged in Hayden's summer expeditions ( 1869-75), he studied and later practiced law under one of Philadelphia's most prominent attorneys, George W. Biddle. Adams became a distinguished congressman, served as minister to Brazil, and was the author of the congressional resolution of April 25, 1898, declaring war against Spain. See DAB.
George Allen ( 1812-77) was born in Mansfield, Massachusetts, and as a youth studied under Boston's Lowell Mason, the pioneer of public music instruction. Allen later enrolled as a student at Western Reserve College in Hudson, Ohio, but soon discovered that his liberal views on reform and religion were out of place there and transferred to Oberlin College, also in Ohio, during the 1836-37 academic year. After graduating in 1838, Allen remained at Oberlin for thirty-seven years. He served the college in a number of capacities: as a teacher of music (both the violin and piano) and a professor of sacred music ( 1838-64), as principal of the college's Preparatory Department ( 1842-46), as professor of geology and natural history-( 1848-71), and as secretary and treasurer of the college ( 1863-65). He established the ongoing Oberlin Musical Union (the second oldest choral society in America) and was also a writer of hymns.
Allen had a deep interest in and knowledge of natural history and did geological fieldwork in the East as well as in Ohio, where he worked on state geological surveys under John Strong Newberry. In 1864 he traveled