Madagascar: Conflicts of Authority in the Great Island

By Philip M. Allen | Go to book overview

The crisis has infected institutions and minds alike. Corruption and intrigue reign in decision-making, and inertia, permissiveness, passivity in the offices that affect the daily life of the Malagasy. Hospitals and schools, market places and roadways -- all operate in chaos; everything must be done again. How can the great island have been allowed to sink this far into the depths of underdevelopment?66

In this deepening shadow of social and economic misery, the third republic's presidency came to Albert Zafy, proclaimed populist and environmentalist, liberal, man of science. Its public policy is in the hands of Francisque Ravony, lawyer, negotiator, everybody's lesser evil except Zafy's. Whether their task is feasible will depend on the ability of the third republic's institutions to respond to the mandates of international patron organizations on one imperious level and, on a very different level, to the dictates of a Malagasy population that for decades has resisted all pretensions of Antananarivo to lead.


NOTES
1.
Charte de la révolution socialiste malgache (Antananarivo: Imprimerie d'Ouvrages Educatifs, August 26, 1975), p. 116.
2.
For further analysis, see Pascal Chaigneau, Madagascar, de la première république à l'orientation socialiste: Processus et conséquences d'une évolution politique (Thèse IIIème cycle en sociologie politique, Univ. de Paris X, 1981), pt. 3, ch. 1; Chaigneau, Un état à orientation socialiste: Madagascar (Thèse d'état, Univ. de Paris X, 1984), v. 2, ch. 1; Maureen Covell, Madagascar: Politics, Economics and Society ( London and New York: Frances Pinter, 1987), chs. 3 and 4.
3.
See Covell, Politics, Economics and Society, pp. 111-113.
4.
Pascal Chaigneau, Rivalités politiques et socialisme à Madagascar ( Paris: Centre des Hautes Études sur l'Afrique et l'Asie Modernes [CHEAM], 1985), p. 110.
5.
See Chaigneau, Un état a orientation socialiste, pp. 645-653, 666; see also interview with in Jeune Afrique, no. 1544, August 1-7, 1990, p. 34.
6.
See Africa Confidential, March 3, 1982.
7.
Agence France Presse, reported in Le Monde, June 3, 1993; Jean-Eric Rakotoarisoa , Dans les Media Demain, no. 323, June 10, 1993. In its version of the incident, MONIMA claimed six killed on the government side; see Midi-Madagasikara, June 12, 1993.
8.
See Indian Ocean Newsletter, no. 567, March 20, 1993.
9.
For the narrative to 1981, see Charles Cadoux and Jean de Gaudusson, "Madagascar 1979-1981: Un passage difficile", in Annuaire des Pays de l'Océan Indien (APOI), no. 7, 1980, pp. 357-387. (The Annuaire for 1980 was published after the terminal date in the article.)
10.
See Robert Archer, Madagascar depuis 1972: La marche d'une révolution ( Paris: Harmattan, 1978); Chaigneau, Première république, pp. 626-637; Chaigneau, Rivalités politiques, p. 105.
11.
See Revue de l'Océan Indien, Antananarivo, March 1986.
12.
Dervla Murphy, Muddling Through in Madagascar (Woodstock, N.Y.: Overlook Press, 1989), p. 92.
13.
The phrase is from Roland Razafimandranto, Essai de bilan politique, économique et social de la periode révolutionnaire socialiste malgache: 1975- 1982, Mémoire

-117-

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Madagascar: Conflicts of Authority in the Great Island
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page v
  • Contents ix
  • Tables and Illustrations xi
  • Preface and Acknowledgments xiii
  • 1 - The Virtue of Insularity 1
  • Notes 26
  • 2 - Politics: From Paternalism to Revolution 31
  • Notes 74
  • 3 - Ratsiraka's Republic: Revolution as Myth 79
  • Notes 117
  • 4 - Society in Modern Madagascar 121
  • Notes 162
  • 5 - Madagascar's Economy: Flight from Reality 168
  • Notes 213
  • 6 - Conclusion: Continuity as Revolution 220
  • Notes 236
  • Glossary 239
  • Selected Bibliography 242
  • About the Book and Author 247
  • Index 248
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