When questioned concerning the Lourdes facility, the Latin American specialist
of the Institute of Peace in the Russian Academy of Sciences, Sergo A. Mikoyan, stated
that President Yeltsin probably would not object to closing the listening post, but might
confront opposition to such a move from military officials, in a seminar held at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University on 18 April 1993. According to Ermakov, this
issue might be dealt with on the basis of "reciprocity," in that if the United States
removed intelligence facilities from the borders of the former Soviet Union, Russia could
respond with the closure of the Lourdes facility. Author's interview with Ermakov, 20
For discussion of the anticipated impact of cutbacks from the socialist bloc on Cuba's weapons supplies, see Fidel Castro's speech at the Bay of Pigs anniversary, Granma Weekly Review, 5 May 1991. Author's interview with Dr. Leve Klochkovsky, Director of the Department of Economics, Institute of Latin America, Russian Academy
of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, August 1992.
"Cuba Reducing Its Armed Forces", Reuter Library Report, 22 April 1993; and "Cuban Navy to Test Fuel Saving Methods", Reuter Library Report, 20 January 1993.
Raul Castro, interview with El Sol de Mexico, in Granma Weekly Review, 5 May 1993.
Ratliff, Military Affairs in Cuba, p. 13.
General Rafael del Pino Speaks: An Insight into Elite Corruption and Military
Dissension in Castro's Cuba ( Miami: Cuban-American National Foundation, 1987).
Ronfeldt, Cuba Adrift, p. 40.
del Rafael Pino. General del Pino Speaks: An Insight into Elite Corruption and Military
Dissention in Castro's Cuba. Miami: Cuban American National Foundation, 1987.
Dominguez Jorge I. "The Cuban Army". In
Johnathan R. Adelman ed., Communist
Armies in Politics. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1982.
Fermoselle Fafael. Cuban Leadership after Castro: Biographies of Cuba's Top Generals. Miami: North South Center University of Miami Press, 1992.
Gonzalez Edward. Cuba under Castro: The Limits of Charisma. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1974.
Gonzalez Edward, and
David Ronfeldt. Cuba Adrift in a Post-Communist World. Santa
Monica: Rand Corporation, 1992.
Horowitz Irving Louis, ed. Cuban Communism. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction
Judson C. Fred. Cuba and the Revolutionary Myth: The Political Education of the Cuban
Rebel Army 1953-63. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1984.
Perez Louis A., Jr. Army Politics in Cuba 1898-1958. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1976.
-----. "Army Politics in Socialist Cuba". Journal of Latin American Studies 8, no. 2
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