The Political Role of the Military: An International Handbook

By Constantine P. Danopoulos; Cynthia Watson | Go to book overview

Balkans, it is anticipated that all three security structures will consider Greece's views on Balkan issues and may even assist Greece to emerge as the dominant nation in the Balkans, calling for the maintenance of a sizable, well-trained, and well-equipped military. Greece's potential for a growing influence in the region increased when NATO decided to create Headquarters of Land Units in Larissa, in Central Greece, and to place the Headquarters of the soon-to-be-created NATO Multinational Division of South Europe in the Greek region of Macedonia.


NOTES
1.
Recent changes in the leadership of the armed forces in Greece took place quietly, without the usual fuss surrounding them, prompting many observers to characterize them as "European" in style. See, for example, TO BHMA, 28 February 1993, p. 10.
2.
In addition to his absolute style of rule, King Otto was unpopular because of his unwillingness to make a clear commitment that his successors would embrace the Greek Orthodox faith. Without that commitment, there appeared no separation between the crowns of Bavaria and Greece.
3.
An unsuccessful military revolt aimed at King Otto also took place in Nauplion in February 1862. Nauplion and other areas in the Peloponnese region of Greece were under Russian influence. The Russians desired an Orthodox king and did not accept Catholic Otto wholeheartedly. The revolt did not succeed, primarily because it took place away from Athens, but it demonstrated that the republican vs. monarchist split had indeed a foreign dimension. Another mutiny took place in June 1863, after King Otto's abdication. Military units loyal and disloyal to the government, as well as some irregular forces, were involved in the fierce shooting.
4.
The king dissolved Parliament in 1915, bringing about a new constitutional and political crisis and leading to his forced resignation; King Constantine was replaced by his son Alexander. Venizelos established a provisional government in Thessaloniki, giving Greece two separate governments; Venizelos dissolved the provisional government, came to Athens, and assumed the premiership on June 26.
5.
He even agreed to send troops to fight against the Bolsheviks in the Ukraine.
6.
Over the years, the former king expressed interest in returning to Greece as a citizen. It may happen, and he and his family may enjoy some support among the Greeks. Monarchy as an institution, however, never succeeded in bonding with the people.
7.
However, in order to help Otto, Britain offered Greece the Ionian islands in March 1862.
8.
In the First Balkan War (1912), Greece, Serbia, Bulgaria, and Montenegro forced Turkey out of its European possessions, except Constantinople. In the Second Balkan War (1913), Greece, Serbia, Rumania, and Turkey forced Bulgaria to cede a large part of Macedonia.
9.
According to The Military Balance 1992, the army had 113,000 conscripts; the air force, 26,800; and the navy, 19,500 conscripts. With regard to the terms of service, army recruits served for up to nineteen months, air force recruits for up to twenty-one months, and navy recruits for up to twenty-three months.
10.
The figures of the referendum, reported on 13 August 1973, were 77.2% for ab-

-167-

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The Political Role of the Military: An International Handbook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Introduction xi
  • Argentina 1
  • Notes 16
  • References 17
  • Brazil 19
  • Notes 34
  • References 41
  • Canada 42
  • Notes 53
  • References 54
  • China 55
  • Notes 67
  • References 70
  • Cuba 71
  • Notes 84
  • References 86
  • Denmark 88
  • Notes 100
  • References 105
  • Egypt 107
  • Notes 118
  • References 121
  • France 122
  • References 141
  • Germany 143
  • Notes 152
  • References 153
  • Greece 154
  • Notes 167
  • References 168
  • India 169
  • Notes 186
  • References 188
  • Indonesia 189
  • Notes 205
  • References 206
  • Iran 207
  • Israel 223
  • Notes 233
  • References 234
  • Japan 235
  • Notes 252
  • References 255
  • Kenya 256
  • Notes 269
  • References 270
  • Mexico 271
  • Notes 281
  • References 282
  • Netherlands 283
  • Notes 295
  • References 297
  • Nigeria 299
  • Notes 320
  • References 322
  • North Korea 323
  • Notes 335
  • References 337
  • Peru 338
  • Notes 355
  • References 360
  • Poland 361
  • Notes 371
  • References 373
  • Republic of South Africa 374
  • Notes 387
  • References 390
  • Russia and the Former Soviet Union 391
  • Notes 401
  • References 403
  • United Kingdom 404
  • Notes 415
  • United States 420
  • Notes 437
  • References 439
  • Zaire 440
  • Notes 456
  • References 458
  • Index 459
  • CONTRIBUTORS 515
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