status in society. The increased participation of the military in internal security matters has expanded its role in domestic politics. At the same time, its extended "aid to civil" operations have made it more vulnerable to public criticism. Close day-to-day participation with civilians in affected areas has led to its political socialization and allowed it to assess at close hand the role of politicians in these crises. A close reading of the published literature by retired senior military officers involved in these various operations suggests the military's frustration with being called in much too frequently and often with good cause by an incapable political leadership to resolve by force what are essentially political crises. In divergence from current political opinion, some of these senior officers suggest political rather than military solutions in the various conflict-ravaged areas, while others argue for new operational doctrines and a greater institutionalization of the military's role in internal security.
There is no doubt that the overriding importance of the military's internal security role in recent years has affected the professional attitudes of its soldiers and officers, although generally the norm of civilian supremacy still prevails. Politicization of the military has slowly but certainly begun to affect the nature of its professionalism. What consequences this is likely to have on the future of civil-military relations depends basically upon how adept politicians are in handling the diverse socio-ethno-political crises by democratic means rather than by the use of armed force and upon the political perspectives of the senior military leadership and their continued belief and acceptance of civilian supremacy. Changes in civil-military relations will as in the past continue to be incremental rather than abrupt and dramatic. With the breakdown of the Soviet Union, uncertainty about future procurement of military hardware has been a hard blow for the Indian military. Undoubtedly the military will give priority to its professional tasks over its other political concerns such as its internal security role, just as, in the changing strategic and political environment, effecting continued civilian control over the military will certainly be on the priority list for India's civilian leadership.