viewpoints on this and other aspects of civil-military relations are the United Services
Institution of India Journal and Indian Defence Review.
In Chibber, Military Leadership, p. 114.
Interview with author.
Sinha, Of Matters Military, pp. 24-27.
See P. R. Chari, "Civilian Control over the Military in India", Indian Defence
Review ( October 1991), p. 14.
For an excellent discussion of the concept see R. D. McKinlay, "Professionalisation, Politicisation and Civil Military Relations", in
M. R. Van Gils, The Perceived Role
of the Military ( Rotterdam: 1971).
Sinha, "In Aid of the Civil Power", United Services Institution of
India Journal ( June 1974), pp. 115-23; and S. P. Cohen, "The Military and Indian
Democracy", p. 124.
S. P. Cohen, "The Military and Indian Democracy", in
Atul Kohli, ed., India's
Democracy ( Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1988), pp. 124-28.
For an interesting discussion with arguments for and against the military's internal
security role, see articles by retired senior armed forces officers in Indian Defence Review,
various issues, 1990- 1993.
S. C. Sardeshpande, retired, "The Army and the Change: Criticism and
Rebuttal", Indian Defence Review ( January 1992), pp. 91-93. Also see his "Internal
Violence and the Military", Indian Defence Review ( July 1992), pp. 26-31.
Stephen P. Cohen, The Indian Army ( Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971), pp. 182-87.
Kadian, India and Its Army, p. 113.
Cited in Lt. Gen.
S. K. Sinha, retired, "Preserving the Army's Ethos", Indian
Defence Review ( July 1992), pp. 56-57.
Chari P. R. "Civil-Military Relations in India", Armed Forces and Society 4, no. 1
Chibber M. L. Military Leadership to Prevent Military Coups. New Delhi: Lancer International, 1986.
Cohen Stephen P. The Indian Army: Its Contribution to the Development of a Nation. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971.
Kadian Rajesh. India and Its Army. New Delhi: Vision Books, 1990.
Kohli Atul, ed. "The Military and Indian Democracy". India's Democracy: An Analysis
of Changing State-Society Relations. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988.
Praval K. C. Indian Army after Independence, ed. New Delhi: Lancer International, 1990.
Sinha S. K. Of Matters Military. New Delhi: Vision Books, 1987.