See Sam C. Sarkesian, "Military Professionalism and Civil-Military Relations in
the West", International Political Science Review 2, no. 3 ( 1981): 283-98; Morris Janowitz
, "Armed Forces in Western Europe: Uniformity and Diversity", Archives Europeenes de sociologie 6 ( 1965): 225-37; Charles C. Moskos, "Armed Forces and
American Society: Convergence on Divergence?" in
C. C. Moskos, ed., Public Opinion
and the Military Establishment ( Beverly Hills and London: Sage Publications, 1971), pp. 271-94.
Daniel Mamn, The Second Career of Top Military Officers and the Civilian Elites
in Israel: 1974-1984 ( Jerusalem: Academon, 1988) (Hebrew).
Among senior officers, 56% claimed that their current civilian workplace has employees who served them and under their command in the IDF, while 62% of them
claimed some responsibility for these employees' presence (42% stated that they introduced most such employees, and 22% said they brought in some of them). As indicated,
the ideological officers brought in more former military people than the professional
officers (70% versus 56%).
Of the generals who began their military service in the pre-State period, 78%
brought in former military personnel to their place of work, as compared with 64% of
brigadiers who began service at that time and 50% of brigadiers who commenced service
only after the establishment of the state.
Efraim Yuchtman, "Whom Do You Trust?" The Israeli Public and Its Institutions,
Israeli Democracy (Fall 1989), pp. 1-7.
A. R. Luckham, "Comparative Typology."
Horowitz Dan. "Is Israel a Garrison State?" Jerusalem Quarterly 4 (Summer 1977): 58-77.
------. "The Israeli Defense Forces: A Civilianized Military in a Partially Militarized
Society". In Roman Kolkowicz and Andrzej Korbonski, eds., Soldiers, Peasants
and Bureaucrats. London: Allen and Unwin, 1982.
Kimmerling Baruch. "Determination of the Boundaries and Frameworks of Conscription: Two Dimensions of Civil-Military Relations in Israel". Studies in Comparative International Development 14, no. 1 ( 1979): 22-41.
Lissak Moshe. "Boundaries and Institutional Linkages between Elites: Some Illustrations from Civil-Military Relations in Israel". In
G. Moore, ed., Research in
Politics and Society, A Research Annual 1 ( 1985): 129-48.
Luttwak Edward, and
Dan Horowitz. The Israeli Army. London: Allen Lane, 1975.
Maman Daniel, and
Moshe Lissak. "The Impact of Social Networks on the Occupational
Patterns of Retired Officers: The Case of Israel". In
Jurgen Kuhlmann, ed., Military Related Social Research: Forum International 9 ( 1990): 279-308.
Peri Yoram. Between Battles and Ballots: Israeli Military in Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.
Perlmutter Amos. Military and Politics in Israel: National Building and Role Expansion. London: Frank Cass, 1969.