Chung Chin-Wee. "The Evolution of Political Institutions in North Korea", in Robert Scalapino , Seizaburo Sato, and Jusuf Wanandi, eds., Asian Political Institutionalization. Berkeley: Institute of East Asian Studies, University of Southern California Press, 1986.
Clough Ralph N. Embattled Korea: The Rivalry for International Support. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1987.
Lee Chong-Sik. "Kim Il-Sung of North Korea", Asian Survey 7, no. 6 ( June 1967).
-----. "The 1972 Constitution and Top Communist Leaders". In Dae-Sook Suh and Chae-Jin Lee, eds., Political Leadership in Korea. University: University of Alabama Press, 1974.
Research Institute for National Unification. The Political Elite in North Korea. Seoul: RINU, 1992.
Scalapino Robert A., and Chon-Sik Lee. Communism in Korea, Parts 1 and 2. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972.
Suh Dae-Sook. The Korean Communist Movement: 1918-1948. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1967.