Consequencesl "Whom See We Now, Their Haughty Conquerors"
They take us for a lump of earth which they break in their hands and give us to the winds to blow away.
History is lived forward but written in retrospect. We know the end before we consider the beginning, and we can never wholly recapture what it was like to know the beginning only.
-- C. V. Wedgewood
" Amherst's War" may have been the bloodiest and most destructive Indian war in American history. About 500 British troops died during the war and another 50 captives were tortured to death.1 As for civilians, George Croghan believed that the Indians "killed and captivated not less than two thousand of his Majesty's subjects, and drove some thousands to beggary and the greatest distress . . . and . . . plundered of goods . . . to the amount of not less than one hundred thousand pounds."2 That might have been an exaggeration. The best count found that Indians killed 31 around Fort Pitt, 88 between Lake Erie and Fort Pitt, 34 between Fort Pitt and Bedford, and 48 between Bedford and the Susquehanna, for 170 dead altogether. At least 88 traders in the Ohio valley were killed when the uprising broke out and their goods were stolen. Another 200 or so may have been slaughtered elsewhere along the frontier that year and the next.3 The Indians suffered as well. Gladwin estimated that 80 or 90 warriors had been killed around Detroit. The Indians may have lost around 60 warriors at Bushy Run. But they got off fairly lightly elsewhere, except for the peaceful Conestoga In-