All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
The Constitution of the United States
As we move into the third century of America's struggle for equality of the sexes, we can look back and see a path that is characterized by slow and erratic moves forward. And we can look ahead to a future that still needs to bring further advances. We have followed Oliver Wendell Holmes' suggestion offered at the opening of this book and traced the law's treatment of women as they have struggled for equal rights, seeing both what that treatment was and what it has become. Yet the law must move forward even more if it is truly to treat the sexes equally. To know where it still must move, we must be clear as to where it presently is.
In the first chapter of this book, a number of questions offered a guide for routine reflection as the reader moved through the chapters. Other questions were identified as those that the reader should be able to answer at the end of the book--if not definitively, at least with a first draft of responses. This second group of questions asked about such things as the scope of the Constitution's protections for women, the status of women as