The Path to Dropping Out: Evidence for Intervention

By Melissa Roderick | Go to book overview

Chapter 6
Grade Retention and School Dropout: Investigating the Association

One of the most consistent findings in the literature on early school leaving is that dropouts are much more likely to be overage for grade by the time they drop out. The strength of the association between grade retention and school dropout, widely cited in the literature, is impressive. Fully 77 percent of youths in the Fall River cohort who repeated at least one grade dropped out of school, compared to only 25 percent who had never failed a grade.

High dropout rates among retained youths are often used as evidence that grade retention is harmful. The problem with such comparisons is that it is unclear to what extent higher dropout rates among retained youths reflect the fact that school systems retain students because they are doing poorly in school and, thus, are already likely to drop out. In this chapter, I examine how much of the higher dropout rates among retained youths can be attributed to an independent impact of grade retention, and how much may be due to the simple fact that those students who are most likely to drop out due to poor educational performance may also be those most likely to experience a grade retention. I also examine the effect of grade retention by the number of times a student was retained, and by whether the retention was prior to or after the fourth grade.

Students who experience a retention may face an increased risk of school leaving because they do more poorly in school or have lower selfesteem as a result of that retention. Students who are retained in grade may also be at a higher risk of dropping out because a grade retention makes them overage for grade. Youths who are older than their classmates may feel different than their peers, particularly during adoles

-103-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Path to Dropping Out: Evidence for Intervention
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 214

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.