The United Nations and the Maintenance of International Security: A Challenge to Be Met

By James S. Sutterlin | Go to book overview

obstacle that inadequate resources constitutes for the successful management of the organization and its programs. Major additions in permanent staff may not be necessary to cover expanded regular programs. However, additional funding will be needed to allow the Secretary-General flexibility in the recruitment on a nonpermanent basis of skilled personnel for large peace-keeping and peace-making undertakings, duties that cannot be adequately performed by staff already on the rolls. The funds available for peacekeeping have been dangerously insufficient to the point that, when deployment of a peacekeeping force to Bosnia was agreed to in 1992, the Secretary-General was forced to say that there were no funds available for the action and therefore those countries participating would have to cover their own expenses. If funds are inadequate, the Secretary-General cannot manage the deployment of a peace-keeping operation in such a way as to ensure its timely effectiveness. The resource problem extends to the whole area of peace-building, where the Secretary-General is unable to implement the needed programs if sufficient funding is not available. The relationship between the adequate availability of resources and effective management by the Secretary-General is painfully apparent.


NOTES
1.
Dick Thornburgh, "Report to the Secretary-General of the United Nations," March 1, 1993, unpublished. Made available by Mr. Thornburgh.
2.
Ruth Russell, A History of the United Nations Charter ( Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 1958), p. 371.
3.
General Assembly Official Records, Forty-First Session, Supplement 49 (a / 41 / 49), 1986.
4.
Dick Thornburgh, "Report to the Secretary-General of the United Nations."
5.
GA Resolution 13 ( I), 13 February 1946.
6.
The Economic and Social Commission for West Asia, now located in Amman, earlier had its headquarters in Baghdad and may return there when conditions are appropriate.
7.
In their study "The Reorganization of the United Nations Secretariat," written in February 1991 and published by the Ford Foundation in New York, Brian Urquhart and Erskine Childers state that there are more than thirty units in the Secretariat that are supposed to report directly to the Secretary-General.
8.
Lecture delivered at Oxford University, 30 May 1961. UN Document SE / 1035, 30 May 1961.
9.
Lecture delivered by Secretary-General Pérez de Cuéllar at Oxford University on April 13, 1986.

-131-

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The United Nations and the Maintenance of International Security: A Challenge to Be Met
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Foreword ix
  • 1 - Old Principles, New Realities 1
  • Notes 9
  • 2 - Preventing Conflict 11
  • Notes 24
  • 3 - Military Force in the Service of Peace: Peacekeeping in Intrastate Conflict 25
  • Notes 45
  • 4 - Repelling Aggression and Enforcing Peace 47
  • Notes 67
  • 5 - Building Peace 71
  • Notes 85
  • 6 - Enhancing Nuclear Security in a Multipolar World 87
  • Notes 92
  • 7 - The Potential of Regional Organizations 93
  • Notes 111
  • 8 - The Secretary-General as Chief Administrative Officer of a United Nations Under Challenge 113
  • Notes 131
  • 9 - The Challenge for Governments and Peoples 133
  • Notes 139
  • Selected Bibliography 141
  • Index 143
  • About the Author 147
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