First Steps toward Economic Independence: New States of the Postcommunist World

By Michael L. Wyzan | Go to book overview

9
Slovakia

Herta Gabrielová, Egon Hlavatý, Adela Hošková, Zora Komínková, Milan Kurucz, and Brigita Schmögnerová


INTRODUCTION

After the dissolution of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic ( CSFR) at the beginning of 1993, two independent states -- the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic -- came into existence. The dissolution of the former CSFR and the creation of an independent Slovakia are part of the process of the disintegration of the multinational states of Central and Eastern Europe. They are the result of a complicated interaction of external and internal conditions. They are not only the outcome of the disintegrative tendencies of the former communist states, and of the nationalist aspirations of certain political groups, but also of an important national and democratic movement that forms part of the democratization of society. For the first time in modern history, an independent, democratic state has come into being on the territory of Slovakia.

Slovakia has committed itself to proceeding with the political, social, and economic transformation which had commenced in the former federal state. Slovakia's economic transformation consists of two processes: first, transition from a centrally planned to a market economy; and, second, transformation of an unwieldy economic structure based on the inter-republic and international division of labor that prevailed within the CMEA into one more consistent with the country's comparative advantages on the world market.

The results so far of Slovakia's economic transformation depend to some, extent on its initial economic situation. Therefore, to analyze the

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First Steps toward Economic Independence: New States of the Postcommunist World
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Contents ix
  • Preface xi
  • 1- Introduction 1
  • References 21
  • I- FORMER SOVIET REPUBLICS 23
  • 2- Estonia 25
  • CONCLUSIONS 43
  • Notes 45
  • Notes 48
  • 3- Ukraine 50
  • Conclusion 75
  • References 77
  • 4- Kazakhstan 80
  • 4- Kazakhstan 80
  • Notes 107
  • Notes 107
  • 5- Georgia 112
  • Notes 134
  • II- FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLICS 137
  • CONCLUSIONS 161
  • Notes 162
  • Notes 163
  • 7- Croatia 166
  • Conclusion 185
  • Notes 186
  • Notes 191
  • 8- Macedonia 193
  • Notes 219
  • Notes 221
  • III- OTHER CASES 227
  • 9- Slovakia 229
  • Notes 255
  • Index 259
  • About the Editor and Contributors 267
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