Socialization and Education
Since the mid- twentieth century the word "socialization" has been used increasingly in the social sciences.1 Between 1950 and 1960 "socialization" became a fashionable name for the process by which the social personality comes into existence and the influence which socio-cultural conditions have on this process. The becoming of personality is, however, an extremely complex process, one involving numerous factors, both known and unknown. While great strides have been made in understanding their nature and interaction, much remains to be learned or never will be. In this research area there has been and continues to be great scope for supposition, competing interpretations based on opposing images of man and the choice of various subissues and terminologies. The term "socialization" has gone through a variety of shifts in meaning over the years, as the theoretical foundations of different socialization theories have been criticized and revised, but its popularity continues unabated.
Despite its absorption into the vocabularies of different fields of study in various social sciences, including psychology, sociology, anthropology, ethology, pedagogics,2 social work and political science, and despite the numer-