Captives of the Cold War Economy: The Struggle for Defense Conversion in American Communities

By John J. Accordino | Go to book overview

2
The Community Context:
Development Interests and
Economic Dependency

How did communities respond to the mixed signals they received from a federal administration ambivalent about defense-spending cutbacks and conversion? As it happens, proactive conversion planning does not come any more naturally to American communities than, as the previous chapter described, it does to federal politics. The institutional constraints on local governments and the economic interests that dominate local policy-making discourage community-wide planning for alternative futures--until a calamity strikes. Rather, those forces encourage dependency on existing industries. Nevertheless, change is possible, especially during economic crises. This chapter is an overview of how institutional, economic, and political forces shape local-development policies in the typical American community. It is intended as background for the subsequent discussion of how in particular those forces operate in defense-dependent communities. This chapter focuses on the actors that most influence local-development policy, namely, local government and businesses.


LOCAL GOVERNMENT RESPONSIBILITIES AND POWERS

Local government officials are elected and statutorily empowered to promote the public welfare. Over our history, as communities expanded in size and complexity, that responsibility came to encompass more government activities. By the twentieth century, local governments provided not only police- and fireprotection services, but also health and sanitation facilities and schools as well as parks and other amenities. Local officials regulated physical development and buildings in addition to business practices and residential behavior that could impinge on neighboring residents. As the century has progressed, localities and states have increasingly taken on responsibility for promoting a healthy local economy as well, with particular attention to policies that promote job creation.

-25-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Captives of the Cold War Economy: The Struggle for Defense Conversion in American Communities
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 205

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.