problems. Rather, DSM-IV has been invoked to legitimize an inappropriate treatment technique. Despite the absence of data to support the use of electroshock with minors, a range of psychiatric diagnoses (e.g., schizophrenia, depression, eating disorders) has been invoked to justify the delivery of this treatment. In the absence of data from clinical outcomes to support this treatment, the continued use of electroshock with minors, is at least, paradoxical in the climate of evidence-based medicine.
Electroshock therapy (EST) and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) are used interchangeably throughout this book.