The Evolution of Scientific Discovery Systems
Langley and Zytkow ( 1989) summarize their analysis of the evolution of scientific discovery systems in the following account.
In this paper we trace the development of research in empirical discovery. We focus on four machine discovery systems that share a number of features: the use of data-driven heuristics to constrain the search for numeric laws; a reliance on theoretical terms; and the recursive application of a few general discovery methods. We examine each system in light of the innovations it introduced over its predecessors, providing some insight into the conceptual progress that has occurred in machine discovery. Finally, we reexamine this research from the perspectives of the history and philosophy of science. ( Langley & Zytkow, 1989, p. 283)
Artificial intelligence research in the area of scientific discovery has been primarily directed toward the achievement of simple physical laws