AIDS Prevention and Services: Community Based Research

By Johannes P. Van Vugt | Go to book overview

how the ethnography of the migrant Mexican farm worker culture in Michigan camps can be employed to "discover" the discourse of this community, which, in turn, can then be employed to develop culture-appropriate education sessions.

Chapter 11 on ACT UP demonstrates the necessity of community based political activism in the face of the central authorities' resistance to meeting the needs of subcultural communities. Maxine Wolfe's historical narrative, from the point of view of an insider looking out, indicates that even what may appear as anarchy can further the democratization of society's response to AIDS when it is structured in a community based organization.

The concluding chapter draws on the common lessons of each of the preceding studies to develop policy implications and a theoretical model of community based organizations. Noted as particularly important are the social context, the relationship to the central authorities, and the agents of change. The latter develop the community based organization and, as members of that organization, engage in outreach to fellow community members, employing their language and cultural milieu in an attempt to change their norms. The contribution of this work to social science is also discussed.


NOTES
1.
"Central government--administered programs" throughout refers to a bureaucratic "federal-centricity" (including state, municipal, and city efforts) that is based on theoretical or political prescriptions and is not grounded in community involvement in the research, design, and implementation of programs. Of course, there are central government--administered programs that work more or less in collaboration with community based programs--more or less empowering them.
2.
Community based research, often referred to as participatory research, is not new, and it is no accident that it originated with Third World social scientists and educators ( Freire 1970, 1973) and also here in the United States with the poor and the oppressed ( Park et al., 1993).
3.
Throughout this book, the term sex worker is used to denote what was previously referred to, in discriminatory language, as prostitute.

REFERENCES

Ajzen I., and Fishbein M. Understanding Attitudes and Predicting Social Behavior. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1980.

Becker Howard. Outsiders: Studies in the Sociology of Deviance. New York: Free Press, 1963.

Belenky Mary Field. Women's Ways of Knowing: The Development of Self, Voice and Mind. New York: Basic Books, 1986.

Cohen Albert. Delinquent Boys: The Culture of the Gang. Glencoe, Ill.: Free Press, 1955.

Donaldson S., and Crowley D. "The Discipline of Nursing." Nursing Outlook 26( 1978): 113-120.

-9-

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