We appreciate the generosity of the congressional press secretaries and congressional reporters who took the time to share their thoughts with us. Without their participation, this study could not have been done.
Our efforts have also benefited considerably from the able research assistance of Jason Bumiller, Karen Greer, Christine Lefkowitz, Erica Patterson, Michael Strong, and Brian Tierney.
We thank Rosalee Clawson and Sarah Pines for their helpful comments and suggestions on this project.
Our research was supported by grants from the American Political Science Association and the Florida Atlantic University Research Initiation Fund. A previous version of Chapter 3 appeared in the Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics.
Finally, we gratefully acknowledge the support and encouragement of our colleagues in the Department of Government at the College of William and Mary and the Department of Political Science at Florida Atlantic University and the contributions, both direct and indirect, of our graduate school professors in the Department of Political Science at Ohio State University.