Women of the Grange: Mutuality and Sisterhood in Rural America, 1866-1920

By Donald B. Marti | Go to book overview

Note on Sources

The historical bibliography on rural women is relatively short. Historians of women, like their colleagues who study other aspects of the past, generally prefer urban subjects and settings. Most of the exceptions find pioneers more interesting than the settled farmers and other rural people who have predominated in the Grange. Consequently, only a handful of studies are very directly concerned with the subject considered here.

Douglas Charles Hebb, "The Woman Movement in the California State Grange, 1873-1880" (M.A. thesis, University of California, 1950) is most directly related to this study. Hebb's frequent citation here testifies to his work's helpfulness. Other directly informative studies include Warren Gates, "Her Voices at the Picnic: Women's Programs at Williams Grove, The 1890s," a paper presented to the Zatae Logsdorff Conference in Women's Studies in 1978; Vanette M. Schwartz, "The Role of Rural Women in Midwestern Farm Organizations, 1870-1900," a paper presented to the "Female Sphere Conference" at New Harmony in 1981; Mary Jo Wagner, "Farms, Families, and Reform: Women in the Farmers' Alliance and Populist Party" (Ph.D. diss., University of Oregon, 1986); and Julie Roy Jeffrey, "Women in the Southern Farmers' Alliance," Feminist Studies 3 (Fall 1975): 72-91. Gates' essay is informative about Grange women's rhetoric in a particular setting; Schwartz makes explicit comparisons between the roles that Grange and Alliance women played in their organizations; Wagner and Jeffrey focus on Alliance women, but their studies suggest comparisons between their subjects and Grange women.

A few recent studies of rural women have informed this essay in

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Women of the Grange: Mutuality and Sisterhood in Rural America, 1866-1920
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Recent Titles in Contributions in Women's Studies ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgments vii
  • Introduction 1
  • Notes 13
  • 1- Graces, Lecturers, and The Changing "Appearance Of Equality" 19
  • Notes 31
  • 2- Teachers, Farmers, and Famous Grangers 35
  • Notes 51
  • 3- Literary Entertainment 55
  • Notes 69
  • 4 - Drudgery and Home Economics 73
  • Notes 85
  • 5- Women's Committees 89
  • Notes 102
  • Notes 120
  • 7- Remaining Tasks and Recent Changes 125
  • Notes 138
  • Conclusion 141
  • Note on Sources 145
  • Index 153
  • About the Author 159
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