JOSEPH JR. HAVLICEK
Land disposal is the oldest method of managing wastes generated by human procurement, production, processing, distribution, and consumption activities. Even after humanity's mastery of fire and the use of it to transform solid wastes into heat, gases, particulates, and ashes, land disposal was a complementary strategy for managing the residuals of incineration.
Historically land disposal has been a stand alone waste management strategy. In recent years land disposal in terms of landfills and sanitary landfills has become a single component of a much broader waste management system that includes resource recovery, incineration, and various types of processes that transform the quantity and forms of solid wastes. With the current emphasis on resource recovery, incineration of chemical and medical wastes, and forthcoming restrictions on grass clippings and yard wastes, the proportion of total solid wastes managed through land disposal is likely to decline in the 1990s. Nevertheless, landfills and sanitary landfills will continue to be important solid waste management strategies because all alternative waste management strategies yield some types of residuals that ultimately are still managed effectively and economically by land disposal.
Emphasis in this chapter is on the external impacts of solid waste disposal sites. A framework for measuring the economic values of these external impacts is proposed and some empirical results of the impacts of solid waste disposal sites--mainly landfills --on nearby residential property values are presented. Prior to the discussion on externalities, the quantity and composition of solid wastes being generated and the role and physical difficulties____________________