Male Homosexual Behavior and the Effects of AIDS Education: A Study of Behavior and Safer Sex in New Zealand and South Australia

By B. R. Simon Rosser | Go to book overview

had sought out other AIDS education during the period of the study. Control subjects may best be conceptualized as being a waiting list group, as all respondents were encouraged to participate in some form of counseling or group intervention at the conclusion of the study.


ANALYSIS

Unless otherwise stated, for statistical purposes, an alpha level of p <.05 was selected as evidence of a significant result, with three other levels of significance (p <.01; p <.005; and p <.001) determined a priori, to be reported. To investigate the concomitants of safer sex, chi-square tests were performed on frequency data involving categorical data.28 Interval data were analyzed using t-tests.29 Other statistics were employed as specified in the text.

To investigate the interrelationship of various sexual behaviors (see Chapter 8), data for each sample were subject to orthogonal factor analysis (varimax rotation) yielding three factors, the matrices of which were then input into a factor replication program, assessing Cattell's S index. To investigate how various interventions affected change in sexual behavior, a discriminant function analysis of the data was performed (see Chapter 16).


INTERVENTIONS

Four interventions and a control condition were carried out as part of the investigation into the efficacy of AIDS education interventions in the NZ study (see Figure 2.1). As well, data were collected both prior to and subsequent to the Grim Reaper campaign, in order to investigate the effects of such public awareness campaigns on homosexual behavior. These interventions are described in detail in Chapters 15 to 17.


NOTES
1
A "convenience sample" denotes a sample of volunteers, as distinct from a sample randomly drawn and enlisted from the general population. In an attempt to minimize bias, respondents for the NZ study were not recruited from a clinical population and all advertising for the study made it clear that this was a sexual behavior as distinct from an AIDS study. Nevertheless, it cannot be discounted that those more concerned about AIDS and those more motivated in terms of homosexual politics were more likely to enter the study. However, the considerable range of places from which volunteers were enlisted into the study (see Table 2.1) and analysis of demographic characteristics of the sample such as age, marital status, socio-economic status, and sexual orientation (see Chapter 3) would suggest there was considerable heterogeneity in the study population. From a statistical perspective, the low frequency of intravenous drug use (n = 5), heterosexual activity (n = 12), HIV antibody positive status (n = 6), and non-European ethnicity (n = 15)

-16-

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