Male Homosexual Behavior and the Effects of AIDS Education: A Study of Behavior and Safer Sex in New Zealand and South Australia

By B. R. Simon Rosser | Go to book overview
3. No evidence was found that guilt or sex-negative attitudes contribute to a person forming a homosexual identity. Neither was the stereotype of Catholics being disproportionately guilt-ridden supported by the current study.
4. If churches are to participate in reconciling the alienation experienced by homosexual persons, some action such as special ministries and training of those involved in pastoral care of homosexual persons is required.

NOTES
1.
Mic. 6:8(Jerusalem Bible).
2.
See Table 7.1 of New Zealand Census figures on religious background and Table 7.2 for figures on current adherence.
3.
Bell & Weinberg [ 1978]; Jay & Young [ 1979]; Kinsey Pomeroy & Martin [ 1948]; Saghir & Robbins [ 1973].
4.
Hellman, et al. [ 1981]; Weintraub & Aronson [ 1974].
5.
This hypothesis was based in part on clinical observation [ Pomeroy, 1966] and on Weinberg [ 1972] finding that religiosity was one of five motives sustaining homophobia -- that is, the irrational fear of homosexuality -- Hellman et al. [ 1981] argue that the Catholic homosexuality taboo leads to a metamorphosis in core-morphological identity from male to female. Thus transsexualism is disproportionately adopted as a defense strategy against homosexuality by those of Catholic upbringing, which, according to Hellman et al. [ 1981], results in an under-representation of homosexuals of Catholic background.
6.
Respectively, 21% versus 6%, p .05.
7.
Watchman [ 1986].
8.
Dr. MacDonald was the former medical superintendent of Auckland's psychiatric hospitals. Quoted in Watchman [ 1986].
9.
Dr. Donnelly is a prominent local lecturer in community medicine, author, and Catholic priest. Quoted in Watchman [ 1986].
10.
Weinberg [ 1972].
11.
Bierly [ 1985].
12.
Gallup & Castelli [ 1987].
13.
Chandler [ 1988]. While the distinction of culpability is often made in Catholic moral theology between sinful and immoral activity, the attitude of the laity expressed here appears in marked contrast to official promulgations of homosexual acts as "intrinsically disordered," "evil," and "immoral" and homosexuality as "an objective disorder" [Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, 1986].
14.
Brinkerhoff & MacKie [ 1985].
15.
Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith [ 1975; 1986].
16.
While the Vatican Council considerably modified Catholic conservatism, teaching, and direction, Greeley [ 1976] has identified Humanae Vitae as having an even stronger and identifiably negative dynamic on Catholic attitude, orthodoxy, and religious devotion than Vatican II.
17.
Kosnik et al. [ 1977].
18.
See, for example, Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith [ 1975; 1986].

-80-

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