Creating and Managing International Joint Ventures

By Arch G. Woodside; Robert E. Pitts | Go to book overview

10 Foreign Investment and Joint Ventures in the Former Yugoslavia, 1967-1990: A Success Story in Southeastern Europe
Mile B. JovicThe practice of joint business investment in the world is rather diversified. However, the modalities and characteristics of individual national or regional solutions remain within the framework determined by the specific economic, political, and legal environments as well as the marketing practices. Therefore, there are procedural and status-related differences in individual solutions in connection with the capitalization of investment, ownership, operational activity, foreign exchange and financial operations, accounting records and control, fiscal obligations, management, etc. In fact, it all depends on the relation the host country has toward foreign investment as a model of performing international business activities of specific enterprises on the market and, accordingly, on the relation that affects or shapes the decision to embark on such a venture. This is true despite the fact that the key role in the company's decision on applying such a modality of business operation is determined by the market factors.These few factors have considerably influenced the defining of national joint venture models, particularly in countries that have opted for such a practice in the rather recent past. Therefore, among the basic goals to which individual countries are striving are:
--acquisition of new technology and/or technical know-how,
--expansion of the export sector of the economy and, consequently, an increase in foreign exchange earnings,
--import substitution and on this basis economizing where the outflow of foreign exchange is concerned,
--provision of foreign capital,
--provision of managerial know-how for enterprises,
--modernization of the domestic industrial basis,
--creating new jobs, increased labor productivity, and training of personnel in the economic sector,

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