and debt servicing burden, food self-sufficiency ratio, and the like. The relevant policy parameters include those related to (1) increased affordability of goods and services (e.g., consumer subsidies, price control, etc.) and (2) changes in the pattern of consumption (e.g., import control, mass education, etc.).
This chapter is extracted from the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa ( UNECA) African Alternative Framework to Structural Adjustment Programmes for Socio-Economic Recovery and transformation E/ECA/CM. 15/6/Rev.3. We are grateful to the United Nations for permission to reprint.