several years before a decision is rendered, and the court encourages the party states to settle their disputes through good faith negotiations.
Interstate disputes also can be resolved through interstate and federal-state compacts, negotiations, reciprocity (see Ch. 10), and congressional preemption. Congress possesses the power to amend or repeal interstate common law established by the court, thereby obviating the need for the court to adjudicate many controversies. Congress, however, has been reluctant to legislate a solution to many controversies, and the court has had to rely upon dormant commerce clause jurisprudence to resolve them. This type of jurisprudence involves the court basing its decisions on the clause in the absence of a congressional statute on the subject of the controversy. Chapter 3 explores the first of these alternative dispute reconciliation mechanisms.