States have three alternatives to pursuing the rendition of a person who commits a crime in a state and subsequently flees to another state. The Uniform Close Pursuit Act authorizes police to cross state boundary lines to apprehend fugitives, and the Uniform Criminal Extradition Act authorizes a procedure similar to the constitutional rendition procedure. A state also may employ the Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act in lieu of seeking the rendition of an obligator.
The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union quickly demonstrated their inadequacy in coping with the mercantilist policies of states. The U.S. Constitution specifically delegated power to the Congress to enable it to establish a national free trade system by regulating interstate commerce. Nevertheless, states continue to erect trade barriers which cause interstate disharmony. Chapter 7 examines interstate trade barriers and competition for industry and tourists.