During the long gestation period for this project, many people contributed their talents, support, and expertise to make this book possible. Jim Bergin, publisher of Bergin and Garvey, always had faith in this manuscript. I greatly appreciate the help of Susan Mesner- Hage , my manuscript editor, whose insightful questions and tactful suggestions helped to shape this book. I also am grateful to Sophy Craze , my acquisitions editor, who guided me through the labyrinth of publishing and brought this work into print. Finally, I wish to thank Nina Neimark, my project editor, Rebecca Perry, my copy editor, Christina Haley, my indexer, and Margaret Benton, my proofreader, for their indispensable work in helping to complete the book.
I also wish to thank my friend Bryan Pfeiffer for helping to put together a sample chapter of this book. His technical assistance and critical thinking got this project off to a good start.
David Gil of the Heller School, Brandeis University, deserves special mention. His work as a teacher, writer, and activist has served as an inspiration and a model for my own. David's excellent thinking and sage advice have heavily influenced me.
My life partner, Naomi Almeleh, has seen me through the book. I appreciate her valuable computer assistance, feedback on the manuscript, and emotional support. I also am grateful to my parents, Lawrence and Evelyn Soifer, for their support throughout this process.
Barbara Von Braun, formerly the Burlington Free Press's archives librarian, also deserves credit. I appreciate her assistance in helping me locate many articles on the Sanders administration. I also want to thank Sue Trainor, the mayor's assistant during the time of my study,