Historical Dictionary of School Segregation and Desegregation: The American Experience

By Jeffrey A. Raffel | Go to book overview

INTRODUCTION
Understanding today's controversies over school desegregation requires an understanding of yesterday's roots of school segregation. While this volume provides descriptions of people, events, court decisions, legislation, and other entries that help to establish this foundation, a different type of presentation and analysis is necessary for comprehending the flow of the history of school segregation and desegregation.
STAGES OF SCHOOL DESEGREGATION
A number of authors have set forth helpful stages of school segregation and desegregation. They revolve around a similar set of key events. Samuel Myers ( 1989) has set out the broadest framework. Myers specifies four stages of the education of blacks in the United States:
1. Prohibition of the education of blacks before the Civil War. South Carolina adopted the first compulsory illiteracy law in 1740 making it a crime to teach slaves to write; other southern states followed.
2. Development of education for blacks after the Civil War with the establishment of the Freedmen's Bureau, which helped to found schools for blacks throughout the South, and many historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs).
3. Segregation following the Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court decision of 1896, which established the principle of separate but equal as constitutional and kept blacks in inferior schools for decades.
4. Desegregation following the 1954 Brown Supreme Court decision, which overturned the Plessy decision and the separate but equal principle, and the Civil Rights Act of

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Historical Dictionary of School Segregation and Desegregation: The American Experience
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Introduction xiii
  • Chronology xxiii
  • A 1
  • B 18
  • C 46
  • D 73
  • E 90
  • F 104
  • G 111
  • H 116
  • I 128
  • J 133
  • K 137
  • L 144
  • M 149
  • N 176
  • O 188
  • P 195
  • R 205
  • S 223
  • T 252
  • U 256
  • V 268
  • W 270
  • Y 285
  • Bibliographical Essay 287
  • General Bibliography 293
  • Geographical Bibliography 303
  • Index 317
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