CARTER, JAMES EARL, JR. (born October 1, 1924, Plains, Georgia). As governor of Georgia Jimmy Carter was the architect of the Atlanta Compromise,* which gave blacks control of the Atlanta schools while avoiding busing,* and as the 39th president of the United States he established the federal Department of Education.* As a leader of the New South,* Carter brought many blacks and minorities into his state and federal administrations.
Jimmy Carter grew up in Archery, Georgia, the son of a politically active peanut farmer who served as a state legislator. Carter attended Georgia> Southwestern College and the Georgia Institute of Technology and received his B.S. from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1946. In the navy Carter rose to the rank of lieutenant (senior grade) and worked under Admiral Hyman Rickover in the nuclear submarine program. In 1953, following his father's death, he returned to Plains to run the family peanut farm operations. Here Carter served as chairman of the county school board. He was elected to the Georgia State Senate in 1962 and reelected in 1964. Carter lost the 1966 gubernatorial primary but won in 1970 and became the 76th governor of Georgia on January 12, 1971. His inaugural address included the phrase "The time for racial discrimination* is over." He was instrumental in state government hiring blacks and women.
Carter started campaigning nationally in 1974 and won the Democratic nomination for President on the first ballot at the 1976 convention. He was elected President on November 2, 1976, defeating incumbent Republican President Gerald R. Ford with 51 percent of the vote. Carter served from January 20, 1977, to January 20, 1981, as the 39th President of the United States. Under his