Missile Defenses and Western European Security: NATO Strategy, Arms Control, and Deterrence

By Robert M. Soofer | Go to book overview

liance agreed in Brussels that conventional force reductions should be the next negotiating ground, along with the current strategic arms reduction talks.

By way of summary, the INF Treaty does not mitigate the need to continue with the development and eventual deployment of ATBM in Western Europe because: (a) a substantial Soviet ballistic and cruise missile threat against Western Europe will continue to exist despite the reductions called for by the treaty; (b) the removal of NATO Pershing II and GLCM will place greater emphasis on NATO's dual-capable aircraft for nuclear missions--thus high- lighting the importance of defending NATO air bases against the remaining Soviet missile threat; (c) one cannot assume that the Soviets will give up their continuing ATBM efforts after the INF Treaty; and (d) although some elements in Europe favor the complete elimination of all short-range nuclear forces in Western Europe, NATO as a whole ( France and Britain in particular) is committed to the modernization of nuclear forces as outlined in the Montebello Decision of 1983--thus, for the foreseeable future, the SRBM threat will have to be dealt with through active defenses, not arms control.


NOTES
1.
See William Davis, Regional Security and Anti-Tactical Ballistic Missiles: Political and Technical Issues ( Cambridge, Mass.: Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, 1986), 1-8.
2.
James Wade, quoted in "Protection for Europe-Based Nuclear Missiles," Flight International, ( October 1980).
3.
See Thomas Enders, Missile Defense as Part of an Extended NATO Air Defense; Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, Internal Study No. 2/ 1986 ( February 1986); and also Michael Ruhle , "Ballistic Missile Defense for Europe," prepared for the Institute for European Defense and Strategic Studies, London, 1986.
4.
Ballistic Missile Defenses and National Security: Summary Report, prepared for the Future Security Strategy Study, Fred Hoffman, Study Director ( Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Defense, October 1983).
5.
North Atlantic Assembly, Scientific and Technical Committee, General Report ( November 1985).
6.
Quoted in Enders, Missile Defense, 8.
7.
Ibid.
8.
"Europe: Home-Grown Star Wars?" Defense Week, 12 November 1985; and Senator Dan Quayle, "Grave Threat: New Soviet Missiles on the NATO Front," NBC Defense and Technology International ( April 1986).
9.
Reported in Aerospace Daily, 22 February 1986.
10.
Testimony of Lt. General James Abrahamson before the House Armed Services Committee, 4 June 1986.
11.
Manfred Woerner, "A Missile Defense for Europe," Strategic Review (Winter 1986).
12.
"Ex-French Leader Giscard Bids Europe Build Own Missile Shield," New York City Tribune, 18 February 1986.

-119-

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Missile Defenses and Western European Security: NATO Strategy, Arms Control, and Deterrence
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Recent Titles in Contributions in Military Studies Series Advisor: Colin Gray ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Tables ix
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Acronyms xiii
  • Introduction 1
  • 1- Western European Reaction to the Strategic Defense Initiative 11
  • Notes 25
  • 2- Western Europe and The First Abm Debate: 1965-72 29
  • Notes 37
  • 3- Sdi and Deterrence: A Western European Perspective 39
  • Notes 65
  • 4- Western European Arms Control Perspectives And Sdi 69
  • Conclusion 83
  • 5- Sdi and Western European Support for The Abm Treaty 87
  • Conclusion 99
  • 6- Antitactical Missile Defense, Western Europe, and the Inf Treaty 103
  • Notes 119
  • 7- Antitactical Missile Defense and Nato Strategy 123
  • Conclusion 142
  • Notes 143
  • 8- Summary and Conclusion 147
  • Bibliography 161
  • Index 171
  • About the Author 175
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