peace and war. Experience shows that only immediate and unmistakably
clear military threats and the likelihood of war make people ready to spend
much capital on security-related matters; otherwise we tend to minimize
security issues. That posture is taken by democratic regimes in particular.
Furthermore, the West seems to believe that money alone can solve
almost all problems involved with the ongoing fundamental change in Eastern Europe. This, however, is not the case. In the long run, not money,
not even new institutions and laws, but human beings' habits, ideas, knowhow, and modes of activity matter most. This fact has hitherto been little
understood by the West, and therefore almost entirely overlooked,
in the course of its dealings with Eastern Europe since communism
The Economist, 21 September, 1991.
The Australian, 26 May 1997.
The Weekend Australian, 15-16 March 1997.
This is the opinion of
Jeffrey Sachs, Poland's Jump to the Market Economy ( Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993), p. 6.
Zbigniew Brzezinski, "The Stages of Postcommunist Transformation," in Yevhen Bystrycky et al. (ed.), The Political Analysis of Postcommunism ( Kiev: Political Thought, 1995), p. 110.
Ivan T. Berend, "Alternatives of Transformation: Choices and Determinants: East-Central Europe in the 1990s," in
Beverly Crawford (ed.), Markets,
States and Democracy: The Political Economy of Postcommunist Transformation
( Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1995), p. 142.
Adrian G. V. Hyde-Price, "Democratization in Eastern Europe: The External Dimension," in
Geoffrey Pridham and
Tatu Vanhaneu (eds.), Democratization in Eastern Europe: Domestic and International Perspectives ( London: Routledge, 1994), p. 146.
Geoffrey Pridham, "The International Dimension of Democratisation: Theory, Practice, and Inter-Regional Comparisons," in
Eric Herring, and
George Sanford (eds.), Building Democracy? The
International Dimension of Democratisation in Eastern Europe ( London: Leicester University Press, 1994), p. 7.
Eric Herring, "International Security and Democratisation in Eastern
Pridham et al., p. 111.