Armed Forces and Political Power in Eastern Europe: The Soviet/Communist Control System

By Bradley R. Gitz | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 1
The Soviet/Communist Control System
and NSWP Reliability

INTRODUCTION

1989 will clearly be remembered as the year in which the Cold War ended and the structure of the international system was dramatically rearranged. More specifically, it will be remembered as the year in which a series of democratic revolutions swept away the long-established communist regimes of Eastern Europe, thereby ending the artificial division of the continent since the end of the Second World War. Although certainly brought on by worsening socioeconomic conditions and a chronic lack of institutional legitimacy, the revolutions of 1989 could not have taken place without the repeal of the "Brezhnev Doctrine" and its replacement by a "Sinatra Doctrine" emphasizing the independence of the Soviet Union's East European allies. The repeal of that doctrine of limited East European sovereignty was thus both a signal for mass movements throughout the region to rid their countries of unpopular neo-Stalinist regimes and also the most tangible reflection of the sincerity of Mikhail Gorbachev's "New Thinking." 1 The Soviet willingness to accept the membership of a unified Germany within NATO represented, of course, the most dramatic concession of all. 2

While a peaceful, orderly transition away from communism for Eastern Europe is still far from assured, the collapse of the Warsaw Treaty Organization (WTO) as a viable mutual security system was an inevitable consequence of these developments. As the institutional lynchpin of the Soviet-East European relationship, the Pact could hardly have been expected to remain unaffected by the dramatic changes sweeping bloc

-1-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Armed Forces and Political Power in Eastern Europe: The Soviet/Communist Control System
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 193

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.