Jim Crow. One required segregated schools, and the other prohibited mixed marriages. 90 Only four years after ratifying an amendment that embodied the philosophy of the Declaration of Independence, Tennessee enthusiastically embraced racial apartheid. Doubtless most of its white citizens considered the state redeemed.
In the wake of these decisions, Congress was asked to consider imposing a "new" reconstruction on Tennessee, like it had on Georgia. A black delegation from the state called on President Grant to explain their perilous condition, and they testified before the Reconstruction Committee. 91 There were rumors that Brownlow's successor, Governor DeWitt Senter, might resign to protest the actions of the legislature and the constitutional convention, or that he planned to request federal troops. 92 Congress declined to intervene, and the governor took no action to help those black Tennesseans whose votes had put him in office. Thus did their congressional protectors and state allies abandon black Tennesseans to the tender mercies of those who despised them.
His complexion is sallow, his eyes are dark and penetrating--a perfect index to the heart of a traitor--with the scowl and frown of a demon resting upon his brow. The study of mischief and the practice of crime have brought upon him premature baldness and a gray beard. With brazen faced impudence, he talks loudly and boastingly about the overthrow of the Yankee army and entertains no doubt but that the South will achieve her independence. He chews tobacco rapidly and is inordinately fond of liquor. In his moral structure he is an unscrupulous man, steeped to the chin in personal and political profligacy--now about lost to all sense of shame, honor, with a heart reckless of social duty and fatally bent