No Easy Walk to Freedom: Reconstruction and the Ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment

By James E. Bond | Go to book overview

Moreover, the national government in general and Congress in particular retained the authority to enforce the Fourteenth Amendment if, in their judgment, a state violated its commands. In the spring of 1877, the national government abdicated that responsibility in South Carolina. Violence had suffused the preceding fall election in South Carolina, and the election results were disputed. Two rival legislatures and governors claimed to be the legitimate government, and for a time both occupied the capitol. Chamberlain, who thought he had been reelected and who still retained power because he had the support of federal troops stationed in South Carolina, appealed to President Hayes.

The new President turned Chamberlain's appeal aside. The presidential election had also been disputed, and the national Republican Party agreed to withdraw troops from the South in exchange for Southern acquiescence in Hayes's election. Pursuant to that agreement, federal troops marched out of Columbia at noon on April 10, 1877, and Chamberlain vacated his office. 104 The News and Courier exulted: "Republican rule was dead, never to be reborn." 105 Like a rope of sand, South Carolina's Republican Party did dissolve; and its black supporters drowned in a sea of white supremacy. Martin Delany had written their epitaph two years earlier: "[I]t is useless and doing injustice to both races to conceal the fact, that in giving liberty and equality of rights to blacks, whites had no desire to see [blacks] rule over [the white] race. . . . [T]here is no scheme that can be laid, no measure that may be entered into, [no] expense . . . they will not incur, to change such a relation between blacks and whites in this country." 106

The Jubilee was over.


NOTES
1.
See generally John G. Barrett, Sherman's March through the Carolinas ( Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1956).
2.
Among the standard texts on Reconstruction in South Carolina are Thomas C. Holt, Black over White: Negro Political Leadership in South Carolina during Reconstruction ( Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 1977); James S. Pike, The Prostrate State: South Carolina under Negro Government ( New York: D. Appleton, 1874); Francis B. Simkins and Robert-Hilliard Woody, South Carolina during Reconstruction ( 1966; reprinted Gloucester, Mass.: Peter Smith); Alrutheus A. Taylor, The Negro in South Carolina during the Reconstruction ( Washington, D.C.: Association for the Study of Negro Life and History, 1924); David D. Wallace, The History of South Carolina, vol. 3 ( New York: American Historical Society, Inc., 1934), 222-321; David D. Wallace, South Carolina; A Short History, 1520-1948 ( Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1961), 556-606; Joel Williamson, After Slavery: the Negro in South Carolina during Reconstruction, 1861-1877 ( Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England, 1965).
3.
Wallace, South Carolina, 568.
4.
Charleston Daily Courier, 27 November 1866 ("It [the amendment] cannot bring repose. Its elements are those of agitation, discord, and penalties.").
5.
Ibid., 26 September 1866.
6.
Ibid., 18 October 1866.
7.
Charleston Mercury, 23 November 1866; 24 November 1866.

-137-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
No Easy Walk to Freedom: Reconstruction and the Ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • 1 - The Remembered Past of the Fourteenth Amendment 1
  • Notes 10
  • 2 - Ratification in Tennessee 15
  • Notes 26
  • 3 - Ratification in Mississippi 33
  • Notes 47
  • 4 - Ratification in North Carolina 53
  • Notes 65
  • 5 - Ratification in Louisiana 75
  • Notes 95
  • 6 - Ratification in Alabama 101
  • Notes 114
  • 7 - Ratification in South Carolina 121
  • Notes 137
  • 8 - Ratification in Virginia 143
  • Notes 158
  • 9 - Ratification in Florida 169
  • Notes 183
  • 10 - Ratification in Arkansas 189
  • Notes 205
  • 11 - Ratification in Texas 211
  • Notes 225
  • 12 - Ratification in Georgia 231
  • Notes 245
  • 13 - The Imagined Future of the Fourteenth Amendment 251
  • Notes 272
  • Selected Bibliography 275
  • Index 289
  • About the Author 297
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 302

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.