fluidity of institutions. Political parties based on differing ideologies mushroom and decay, constitutions are drafted, passed, and ignored; and political structures are painstakingly set up only to wither away under the combined forces of domestic and external developments. It is in the nature of political newness to experiment with new approaches to political governance. Still, the newness of African political systems has in the past given them the quality of transience. This era of post-Cold War democratization may usher in a quality of permanence in relation to the resolution of serious political differences.
In later chapters, we will present some of the outcomes of democratic clamors in different countries. Our next focus is to examine how historic structures have served as the foundation for future authoritarian proclivities.